Myanmar, once known as Burma, is situated in Southeast Asia neighboring on the north and northeast by China, east by Loas and Thailand, on the south by Andaman Sea and Bay of Bengal. With total area of 261,277 square mile (676,577 square km), it is the 40th largest country in the world.
Myanmar is home to the early civilization of Southeast Asia including Pyu and Mon. The written documented history dated back to early 11th Century when King Anawrahta unified the country and founded the Empire in Bagan, beginning the history of Myanmar. King Anawrahta established “Theravada Buddhism” in his kingdom and also invented the Burmese scripts. Burmese culture is also intertwined with cultures of neighboring countries such as India, China and Thailand. The monastery is the center of cultural life in traditional villages. All male children in Buddhist family are encouraged to be a novice (Beginner of monk) for a short period of time before the age of twenty. These traditional beliefs are the fundamental of warm and generous Burmese cultures.
Myanmar remains still one of the most mysterious and undiscovered destinations in the world. It offers all traditional delights of Asia including virgin jungles, now-capped mountains and pristine beaches as well as two thousand years old rich and glorious heritages. As a diverse country, Myanmar is home to approximately 135 distinct ethnic groups including Kachin, Kayah, Kayin, Chin, Mon, Bamar, Rakhine and Shan. Total population of about 60.28 millions, Myanmar is the 24th largest populous country in the world. The main religion is Theravada Buddhism but Christianity, Islam and other religions are also practiced in Myanmar.
Burmese is the official language but the different ethnic groups have their own dialects. Since Myanmar was once a British colony, English is also widely used.
The New York Times has credited Myanmar as the No. 3 travel location in 2012 because "the country has been so isolated, the deeply Buddhist "Land of Golden Pagoda" resonates with a strong sense of place, undiluted by mass tourism and warmed by genuine hospitality" (NY Times)