Mandalay, "the Last Capital of Myanmar Kingdom" was built in 1857 by the King Mindon of Kongbaung Dynasty. The famous name, Yadanapura means "city of jewels". Later it was called Mandalay after the Mandalay Hill.
The Mandalay Palace was built in 1857 AD and completed in 1861 AD. The palace surrounded by splendid moats and palace walls made the city magnificent. Mandalay is rich in many historical sites, religious edifices and cultural memories. It is the center of Myanmar Culture, Arts and Crafts as well as focal point of Buddhism.
After the British had conquered Mandalay in 1886 they turned the royal palaces of Mandalay into their military headquarters and christened the complex Fort Dufferin.